Ever since ASP.NET MVC Framework 2.0 has released I did not have a change to work with the new validation logic.
The DataAnnotations that are the only place where you have to keep logic related to validation, no more having to write the same logic in several places.

Today I wanted to give it a try, since I can delete lots of code from my views, if it works as promised.
I want to use jquery.validate.js (ships out of the box with Visual Studio 2010 and ASP.NET MVC Framework 2.0. But to my surprise only files that support the MicrosoftMvcValidation.js are available with the project template for a ASP.NET MVC 2 Web Application.

MicrosoftMvcJQueryValidation.js
With the ASP.NET MVC 2 RTM release a file named MicrosoftMvcJQueryValidation.js was shipped. I downloaded the RTM once again and got the MicrosoftMvcJQueryValidation.js file.

In my view I now add the following script tags:



Listing 1: Script tags

Enable validation on a view clientside
Than below script tags, I put the following call to enable validation on the client.

<% Html.EnableClientValidation(); %>

Listing 2: Html.EnableClientValidation

This call (listing 2) bubbles up the validation rules as Json data, the MicrosoftMvcJQueryValidation.js leverages jQuery to do the client side validation.

I added the code from listing 1 and 2 onto the  logon.aspx from a vanilla ‘file > new project > ASP.NET MVC 2 Web Application’ and it worked as I expected.

Contents MicrosoftMvcJQueryValidation.js
Because it took me some effort to get the MicrosoftMvcJQueryValidation.js I will put the code here:

/// 
/// 

// register custom jQuery methods

jQuery.validator.addMethod("regex", function(value, element, params) {
    if (this.optional(element)) {
        return true;
    }

    var match = new RegExp(params).exec(value);
    return (match && (match.index == 0) && (match[0].length == value.length));
});

// glue

function __MVC_ApplyValidator_Range(object, min, max) {
    object["range"] = [min, max];
}

function __MVC_ApplyValidator_RegularExpression(object, pattern) {
    object["regex"] = pattern;
}

function __MVC_ApplyValidator_Required(object) {
    object["required"] = true;
}

function __MVC_ApplyValidator_StringLength(object, maxLength) {
    object["maxlength"] = maxLength;
}

function __MVC_ApplyValidator_Unknown(object, validationType, validationParameters) {
    object[validationType] = validationParameters;
}

function __MVC_CreateFieldToValidationMessageMapping(validationFields) {
    var mapping = {};

    for (var i = 0; i < validationFields.length; i++) {
        var thisField = validationFields[i];
        mapping[thisField.FieldName] = "#" + thisField.ValidationMessageId;
    }

    return mapping;
}

function __MVC_CreateErrorMessagesObject(validationFields) {
    var messagesObj = {};

    for (var i = 0; i < validationFields.length; i++) {
        var thisField = validationFields[i];
        var thisFieldMessages = {};
        messagesObj[thisField.FieldName] = thisFieldMessages;
        var validationRules = thisField.ValidationRules;

        for (var j = 0; j < validationRules.length; j++) {
            var thisRule = validationRules[j];
            if (thisRule.ErrorMessage) {
                var jQueryValidationType = thisRule.ValidationType;
                switch (thisRule.ValidationType) {
                    case "regularExpression":
                        jQueryValidationType = "regex";
                        break;

                    case "stringLength":
                        jQueryValidationType = "maxlength";
                        break;
                }

                thisFieldMessages[jQueryValidationType] = thisRule.ErrorMessage;
            }
        }
    }

    return messagesObj;
}

function __MVC_CreateRulesForField(validationField) {
    var validationRules = validationField.ValidationRules;

    // hook each rule into jquery
    var rulesObj = {};
    for (var i = 0; i < validationRules.length; i++) {
        var thisRule = validationRules[i];
        switch (thisRule.ValidationType) {
            case "range":
                __MVC_ApplyValidator_Range(rulesObj,
                    thisRule.ValidationParameters["minimum"], thisRule.ValidationParameters["maximum"]);
                break;

            case "regularExpression":
                __MVC_ApplyValidator_RegularExpression(rulesObj,
                    thisRule.ValidationParameters["pattern"]);
                break;

            case "required":
                __MVC_ApplyValidator_Required(rulesObj);
                break;

            case "stringLength":
                __MVC_ApplyValidator_StringLength(rulesObj,
                    thisRule.ValidationParameters["maximumLength"]);
                break;

            default:
                __MVC_ApplyValidator_Unknown(rulesObj,
                    thisRule.ValidationType, thisRule.ValidationParameters);
                break;
        }
    }

    return rulesObj;
}

function __MVC_CreateValidationOptions(validationFields) {
    var rulesObj = {};
    for (var i = 0; i < validationFields.length; i++) {
        var validationField = validationFields[i];
        var fieldName = validationField.FieldName;
        rulesObj[fieldName] = __MVC_CreateRulesForField(validationField);
    }

    return rulesObj;
}

function __MVC_EnableClientValidation(validationContext) {
    // this represents the form containing elements to be validated
    var theForm = $("#" + validationContext.FormId);

    var fields = validationContext.Fields;
    var rulesObj = __MVC_CreateValidationOptions(fields);
    var fieldToMessageMappings = __MVC_CreateFieldToValidationMessageMapping(fields);
    var errorMessagesObj = __MVC_CreateErrorMessagesObject(fields);

    var options = {
        errorClass: "input-validation-error",
        errorElement: "span",
        errorPlacement: function(error, element) {
            var messageSpan = fieldToMessageMappings[element.attr("name")];
            $(messageSpan).empty();
            $(messageSpan).removeClass("field-validation-valid");
            $(messageSpan).addClass("field-validation-error");
            error.removeClass("input-validation-error");
            error.attr("_for_validation_message", messageSpan);
            error.appendTo(messageSpan);
        },
        messages: errorMessagesObj,
        rules: rulesObj,
        success: function(label) {
            var messageSpan = $(label.attr("_for_validation_message"));
            $(messageSpan).empty();
            $(messageSpan).addClass("field-validation-valid");
            $(messageSpan).removeClass("field-validation-error");
        }
    };

    // register callbacks with our AJAX system
    var formElement = document.getElementById(validationContext.FormId);
    var registeredValidatorCallbacks = formElement.validationCallbacks;
    if (!registeredValidatorCallbacks) {
        registeredValidatorCallbacks = [];
        formElement.validationCallbacks = registeredValidatorCallbacks;
    }
    registeredValidatorCallbacks.push(function() {
        theForm.validate();
        return theForm.valid();
    });

    theForm.validate(options);
}

// need to wait for the document to signal that it is ready
$(document).ready(function() {
    var allFormOptions = window.mvcClientValidationMetadata;
    if (allFormOptions) {
        while (allFormOptions.length > 0) {
            var thisFormOptions = allFormOptions.pop();
            __MVC_EnableClientValidation(thisFormOptions);
        }
    }
});

Listing 3: Contents MicrosoftMvcJQueryValidation.js

Henry Cordes
My thoughts exactly…


Comments (1) -

subin | Reply

11/9/2010 7:12:15 PM #

thanks

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